Ser, estar y tener explicaciones

Spanish Class Material

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Material para profesores.

Beginner to intermediate Spanish learners often struggle with the  difference between ser, estar and tener. This is something our teachers pay special attention to with the classes on our school trips to Spain. Here are some quick explanations of the difference between Ser, Estar and Tener and some expressions to help you know when to use them.

Usos de Ser / Uses of Ser

1. Cualidades, Características (carácter, tamaño, color, material, apariencias), Descripciónes
Qualities, Characteristics (Character, size, colour, material, appearance.), Descriptions

2. Nacionalidad, profesión y posesión
Nationality, profession and possession

Usos de Estar / Uses of Estar

1. Expresa lugar o posición, condiciones temporales y estados de ánimo o salud.
Expresses place or position, weather conditions and moods or health.

Usos de Tener / Uses of Tener

1. Posesión en descripciones de personas Possession in descriptions of people

2. Estados físicos y ánimicos (hambre, frío, sed, calor, miedo, sueño…)
Physical and mood states (hunger, cold, thirst, heat, fear, sleep …)

3. Edad.
Age

 Ser  Estar  Tener
 Yo  Soy  Estoy  Tengo
 Tu  Eres  Estás  Tienes
 El/Ella/Usted  Es  Está  Tiene
 Nostros  Somos  Estamos  Tenemos
 Vosotros  Sóis  Estáis  Tenéis
 Ellos  Son  Están  Tienen

Algunos ejemplos de expresiones en las culaes se utiliza ser, estar y tener:
Here are some examples of Spanish expressions which use ser, estar and tener:

Ser aburrido = to be boring Estar aburrido = to be bored
Ser rico = to be rich Estar rico = to be tasty
Ser bueno = to be good Estar bueno = to be tasty or attractive
Ser malo = to be bad Estar malo = to be ill
Ser listo = to be clever Estar listo = to be ready
Tener sueño = to be sleepy or tired Estar cansado = to be tired
Tener frío = to be cold (feel cold yourself) Estar frío = to be cold (an object is cold in temperature)

Please don’t hesitate to consider our school group tours to Spain . Lessons on our school tours can be catered exactly to your group’s need. Customize your own tour here.

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